As a preceptor, you should actively demonstrate evidence-based practice (EBP) on a daily basis. Evidence is comprised of the latest research that is patient-centered. This can include research on treatments, diagnostic testing, prevention, and prognosis. EBP should be used in your day-to-day clinical decisions. Encouraging students to follow this process will keep them up to date on the best practices and treatments to provide patients.
EBP consists of several steps:
- PICOT question creation
- Search for best evidence
- Appraise evidence
- Integrate evidence with clinical expertise and patient values/preferences
- Evaluate outcomes
- Disseminate results
When searching for the best evidence, you want to make sure that you are looking at credible websites and databases such as : PubMed, Google Scholar, institution’s library, EBSCOhost, JAMA, ScienceDirect. Best evidence is typically considered information from articles found in peer reviewed journals. These articles should always be less than 10 years old, though 5-7 years old is best. The evidence that we use in trying to provide patient-centered evidence-based care needs to be free of bias, based on clinical experience, and be researched and analyzed in a credible way.
A great way to have students practice this is through having them create research questions based on current patients and create their own research-based solutions.