As a preceptor, it is important that you are able to gauge where each student is at developmentally. Situational supervision means that you must adjust your supervision style to match the needs of each student. There are three levels of supervision that a student should progress through:
At the S1 level, you provide direction and coaching while staying close to the student (i.e. standing bedside).
At the S2 level, you are supportive and encouraging, but give the student space to practice more autonomously (i.e. looking over your shoulder).
At the S3 level, you are creating distance and able to delegate tasks to the student. You are present, but not hovering.